This tutorial provides 2.0 CEUs and is ideal for:

  1. Nuclear Medicine and Radiology Technologists. The VOICE program of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) has reviewed this program and approved it for a maximum of 81 continuing education hours. Because these tutorials have been approved by the VOICE Program, they are accepted for CE credit in all 50 states and by ARRT and NMTCB, even if you are not a VOICE/SNMMI member.
  2. Physicians requiring CME Credits to maintain IAC Accreditation. All or a portion of this educational activity may meet the CME requirement for IAC Nuclear/PET Accreditation. Our website is listed on the resources page of the IAC website.

Proceed to the Tutorial: Radiopharmaceuticals Tutorial

Proceed to the Quiz: Radiopharmaceuticals Quiz

Purchase Tutorial: Payment Link (Credit Card or Payment)


After reviewing this tutorial:

  • Participants should be able to discuss the methods of production of isotopes for medical and general commercial use
  • Should be able to define the term “radiopharmaceutical” and to list the properties of the ideal diagnostic and ideal therapeutic radiopharmaceutica
  • Should be able to distinguish between the terms “radiopharmaceutical” and “radiochemical”
  • Should be able to discuss the properties common to all injectable drugs
  • Should be able to state the regulation covering legal limits for calibrated doses compared to prescribed doses
  • Should be able to list several examples of dynamic and static studies as well as in vivo non-imaging studies
  • Should be able to identify the imaging procedures/target organs associated with every radiopharmaceutical used in the United States, including several INDs
  • Should be able to give the typical administered dose for each of these drugs and the route of administration
  • Should be able to describe the kinetics of most of these drugs, including routes of excretion of the more commonly used radiopharmaceuticals
  • Should be able to describe the stannous reduction method
  • Should be able to describe a hexacoordinated Tc complex and draw its octahedral structure; and should be able to identify special patient preparations and restrictions used for several commonly used radiopharmaceuticals
  • Should be able to list and give examples of the 6 classical mechanisms of localization of radiopharmaceuticals as well as some of the mechanisms associated with the newer radiopharmaceuticals
  • Should be familiar with uptake ratios and excretion rates, e.g., the percentage of each of the 3 currently available renal imaging agents cleared by filtration and secretion as well as the amount bound to the tubules
  • Should be able to describe an antigen-antibody reaction and the part it plays in the uptake of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies by specific types of malignant tumors
  • Should be able to state legal particle size requirements for those preparations containing labeled particles.

If you have taken one of the tutorials, received a score of 80% or above, and wish to receive CE credit: Make sure you submit all of the requested information when taking the test. It’s not necessary to send us the score sheets since we receive them electronically when you submit your answers for scoring.

Within 24 hours of receipt of your submitted score sheets and payment for the tutorial(s), we will do all of the following:

1. Send a certificate to you via e-mail
2. Send a certificate to you via US Mail
3. All members of the SNMMI will have to self-report their CE Credits on the SNMMI Website ( We will automatically send detailed self-reporting instructions to you along with your CE Credit Certificate.
If you have any problems with the self-reporting system, please contact the VOICE Coordinator directly at 703 708-9000. ).

If paying by check, please make payable to Consultants in Nuclear Medicine and mail your payment to:   Consultants in Nuclear Medicine 2910 W. Estes Avenue  Chicago, IL 60645-2394

To make sure your check is in the appropriate amount, please note the following:
If a tutorial awards 1 CEU, the cost is $20.00
If a tutorial awards 2 CEU, the cost is $30.00
If a tutorial awards 3 CEU, the cost is $40.00

If paying by credit card: we offer a secure internet service via PayPal, a well known internet provider ( for all of our Online Tutorial Courses.

Simply click the appropriate link for the tutorial for which you wish to receive CE credit.   Check your “shopping cart” order carefully- adding or deleting items before you proceed to check out.   “PayPal” credit card payments are available for anyone although you will need to submit more information if you are a new user without an established “PayPal” account.   Please use the PayPal links on the website to submit your payment.   If your credit card information does not match your score page information, please include a copy of your PayPal payment statement so we can match transactions correctly.

All of our tutorials are available for your use in reviewing for your Board Certification Examination.   There is no charge to use these tutorials unless you wish to obtain CE Credit.

Please feel free to review the tutorials as often as you wish; the test may be taken once.  If a score <80% is obtained, then the test may be retaken once.
If the score is still <80%, please contact Dr. Karesh, Tutorials Coordinator, by e-mail at for further instructions.